Communication is one kind of activity of exchanging message by reading, writing, speaking, listing, gesture, behavior etc. We are motionless with out communication. There are different kinds / types of communication depending on their nature or behavior. Detail discussion about types of communication given below:
Types of Communication
Different types of communication system are found in different kinds of the types of communication differ from Organization to Organization depending upon the nature of information to be communicated and the purpose of Communication mainly takes the form of –
- Formal Communication and
- Informal Communication
Formal communication follows the chain and command. It consist downward communication, upward communication and horizontal communication. Many communication scholars view the types of communication basing on the direction or flow of the message only and as such they classify communication to be vertical, horizontal, or diagonal. Different types of communications are shown in the following graph.
The image given above about types of communication will give you at a glance idea about kinds of communication. To see large view click on the image.
Firstly we can differentiate communication into three
Types of communication
- On the basis of expression / Method / Media
- On the basis of flow of Information
- On the basis of Organizational Relationship
On the basis of expression / Method / Media
we can differentiate communication into two types which is discussed below:
Verbal communication is a communication process which uses both oral and written to communicate like chatting with friend in internet, send SMS to any one by mobile phone all of them are nothing but verbal communication.
Non Verbal Communication
This kind of communication doesn’t use oral or written process to communicate. It use some symbol some of them we mention below
- When we are in road we see some arrow like go left or go right
- In some place there is a symbol which means no smoking
Verbal Communication can be differentiate in two
From the name of this communication type we can understand that which communication process use only oral method that are known as oral communication.
It is same above which communication process use only written method to communicate that is known as written communication.
Non Verbal Communication has six kinds
Which communication process use photography, graphics design, illustration, fine art, multimedia etc to communicate that is known as visual communication.
Audio Method Communication
A communication which uses audio method to communicate that is commonly known as audio method communication.
Audio Visual Communication
This kind of communication uses both audio and picture to communicate. It can be used with oral and written communication. It is mainly used in television advertisement.
In our day to day life we make various gestures to communicate and that kind of communication is known as gesture communication.
This kind of communication is most likely gesture communication difference is gesture is made to communicate properly but passive communication is done for avoiding some communication.
Communication through action
Which kind of communication precedes its communication process through action that is known as communication through action.
On the basis of flow of Information
Communication can be divided into three
David. H. Molt said that “Horizontal communication is the process of exchanging information between peers at any organization level usually to co ordinate activates”.
When a communication made between superior to subordinate or subordinate to superior is known as vertical communication.
Crosswise communication doesn’t follow something like upward or downward communication in this communication process any person of any position can communicate with other person of any position.
Again vertical communication can be divided into two
A communication which is done between subordinate to superiors and that is known as upward communication.
This is just opposite of upward communication. Communication made between superior to subordinate.
On the basis of Organizational Relationship
Communication can be divided into two
Formal communication may be a verbal or written presentation which maintains some certain rules and regulation.
Informal communication is one kind of causal communication which does not need to follow any rules and regulation.
Related Content of Types of Communication: