16 Difference between Oral and Written Communication

We know that oral and written both have great importance but there is some difference between oral and written communication which is discussed in this content. When communication is done orally, it is called oral communication. On the other hand, communication, which is made in the written form using paper, pen, and printing is known to be written communication.

Oral and written communication both are the media or way of verbal communication. But in the field of application, they show the following difference between oral and written communication -:)

Difference between Oral and Written Communication as follows:

Subject of Difference Oral communication Written communication
Relation A good relationship is created between the sender and receiver because of personal touch. A good relationship is impossible here because the sender and receiver are isolated from each other.
Media Telephonic conversation, face-to-face conversation, oral instruction, or order are the media here. Letters, memos, bulletins, drafts, reports, newspapers are the media for written communication. Know the principles of effective writing


Oral messages or information are not preserved generally. So, it cannot be used as evidence for future purposes. Written messages are preserved so they can act as a permanent record.
Direct Means This communication occurs directly between two or more people. A direct link cannot be established here between the sender and receiver of the communication.
Formality Formalities are not so much strictly maintained in oral communication. Written communication needs formalities to be observed. Let’s know the written communcation advantages and disadvantages.
Effectiveness Distortion may take place in oral communication. In such a situation, it will not be proved to be an effective method of communication. In written communication, the message cannot be distorted. As a result, real communication can reach the destination.
Flexibility Oral communication is more flexible.! It can be easily changed and adjusted. It is a less flexible land, therefore, takes time to bring any change in the contents of the message.
Cost factor Such communication is less expensive because it does not require a pen, paper, ink, printing materials, etc, to get the message ready for transmission. It is costly because pen, paper, ink, printing materials are required to get the message ready.
Feedback Here immediate feedback is possible Feedback is delayed in written communication.
Time factor Such communication takes less time to send messages orally. It is a time-consuming method because more time is required to get the message ready and communicate it to the receiver.
Basis Oral communication offers the basis for informal communication. It is the formal, method of communication because it is done in writing.
IX Applicable Such communication is applicable to the literate and illiterate receiver of the message. Such communication is applicable only to literate receivers.
Starting Such communication can be started instantly Various formalities are followed here and therefore involve a formal process to start such communication.
Correction Correction is easily possible here because the sender and receiver face direct communication. Once the message is posted, it is beyond the reach, of the sender to correct the information if any mistake is found later on.
Universality It has no worldwide acceptance. It has worldwide acceptance.
Difference between Oral and Written Communication
Difference between Oral and Written Communication

Hope you find all difference between oral and written communication. We mention here 16 topics of differences.

Please leave a comment below if you want to know more and want to add some topic to this article. Your opinion is appreciated.

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