Information and Communication Technology

In one word communication as well as business communication is motionless with out information and communication technology. Conventional process of communication is not sufficient to meet the multidimensional needs of the business enterprises. So, the importance for modern communication technology emerges to meet the desired need of modern business enterprises. Globally communication has been facilitated by the electronic transmission of data which connects people, regardless of religion, color, and geographic location, almost instantly.

Modern information and communication technology depends upon computer which is a device made up of electronic and electromechanical components. There are a number of communication channels representing both the wide range of possible uses of data communication and the various new technologies in the communication industry. Examples of such technologies are

  1. Telephone lines
  2. Switched lines
  3. Coaxial cables
  4. Optical fiber transmission
  5. Microwave transmission
  6. Infrared transmission
  7. Laser transmission
  8. Radio transmission
  9. Satellite transmission etc.

Oral or voice media in electronic forms includes—voice mail, audio tape and video tape, tale-conferencing and video conferencing, close circuit television, and instant message -etc. Written media in electronic forms include—e-mail, faxing, computer conferencing (with groupware), web sites etc.

Some modern information and communication technology devices are discussed as follows:

Telephone
The most popular device to communicate orally is telephone. It connects people irrespective of distance it brings the tone and helps us to communicate at any movement and from any location.  It was invented by Graham Bell during 1876. Telephone in that era and telephone in modern age is far different. In current time telephone has taken the shape of cell phone which is easily portable and can be used at anywhere in the globe where network is supported by mobile operator’s

Telex
Telex is an important communication device for transferring data. A tele printer is used by which information can be communicated from one location to another location. It has huge application for official purposes but the development of other advanced devices has reduced the usage of such. It takes more time and cost to transmit data and therefore in modern days we do not see the availability of such device

Mobile Technology
It has made a revolution in the arena of communication and providing useful means to communicate any where supported by network. This kind of technology has brought the value added services given below:

  • Voice-Mail
  • Voice SMS,
  • Text SMS?
  • Web Browsing,
  • Welcome Tune,
  • Music Gift
  • Push-Pull service,

Multimedia
This is a excellent way which combines sound, text animation and picture to bring a catchy effect. When such effect is displayed on monitor, we get the taste of modern communication. Multimedia is widely used in advertising field to highlight any product or service. The effect of multimedia can also be observed though our cell phone. (We are using EDGE or GPRS in modern days where multimedia is the key feature.

Fax/Facsimile
Fax is the short form of Facsimile. It is a device which is used for transmitting diagrams, drawings, Sketches, letters, circulars, articles etc. It is one of the most improved electronic version of the talefax machine/It is the latest device for sending written information and message from one place to another when both the places have the fax machines. Fax machines are inter-related by telephone lines. The facsimile of the written information is transmitted to the addressee and it is simultaneously reproduced on a paper automatically in the receiving machine.information_and_communication_technology

Electronic Mail (E-mail)
Electronic mail is popularly known as e-mail where textual messages are sent to the receiver through tale-communication links. Here computer terminals are connected together in network to transfer message from one to one or one to many. A Sender first types the message on a computer screen and then sends to the receiver. And that sanded message is dropped in the receiver’s mail box and receiver can read the message and answer if required. Both sending and receiving of e-mail are processed and directed by mail server computers which are connected through network.

Video Conferencing
Video conferencing is a new device of communication of recent times. This method of communication is generally used for holding meetings and discussions. This device of communication is mostly used when it is difficult to arrange a much expensive meeting or when long distance travel is involved. Conferencing is virtual meeting where persons can see, hear, talking to and actually work with people in different locations around the world without the expense of travel. Conferencing   may   take   many   forms,   such   as,   video-conferencing,   audio-conferencing, multimedia conferencing, and screen sharing etc.

Tale conference
This technology allows people to hold meeting or conversation over telephone] Here distant participants exchange their oral message and can only listen the voice. (In multinational culture, group meeting takes place through tale conferencing.

Tale-text
This is an electronic message broadcasted through television. Such text is widely used to communicate a large group of people once at a time breaking news, business report; stock market update, weather report etc. are presented as a tale-text through televisions.

Web cam
A Web cam, or web camera, is most common terms now a day’s term for any camera that Generates images and can be accessed by and displayed on the world web through a server web cam is, essentially just, a camera that is connected to a computer either directly or tirelessly/ and gather’s a series of images for remote display elsewhere. This kind of technology is widely used by all sorts of people for all sorts of different reasons.

In 1991, the first web cam was up and running at .Cambridge University’s computer science department and after that web cams have occupied into home, business, public streets and buildings. Business firms use web cams for video conferring and some schools and day care facilities use a web cam to allow parents to see what their children’s are doing.

Internet
Internet is the latest development in the communication world and has changed the way of life in respect of communication J It has increased the pace of communication /Internet can be defined as the network of networks that are [ through telephone lines, satellite or radio links.) It connects thousand of through networking and helps to explore for information and data and knowledge. Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) is based on the architecture of internet and helping business firms to do business with respective stake-holders-. It can be used for sending e-mail, tale-conferencing, and video- conferencing. VOIP (Voice over internet protocol) calls, chatting and messaging etc.

Information and communication technology is the most growing sector now a days. So information and communication technology devices are rapidly change there looking, way of work, technology.

 

 

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