Types of Memo Used in Internal Communication

A memo is the important part of written communication and it also has a large number of users for the different purpose. Different types of memo used for a different purpose so everyone should know about types of memo.

Types of Memo or, Movement of Memo

As an internal communication tool, memo can be moved into three (3) ways within an organization and can be divided into as follows:

  1. Downward
  2. Upward
  3. Horizontal


Here memo moves from superiors to subordinates. Such memos, in most of the cases, announce or explain policy or procedures. It also announces new staff appointments, product and service changes, and special events within the organization. Moreover, superior may also request for any information, through such memo.

Types of memo

Types of Memo: Downward


Here memos are written by subordinates to their respective superiors. These memos provide responses to requests made by superiors and convey informal reports to superiors. Upward memos may also make requests for any specific reasonable matter.

The tone of such memo should be formal and the facts to be contained here should be backed by proper evidence. This memo is one way to present yourself to your superior and may be your best support for promotion within the organization.


Types of Memo: UPWARD


This memo is communicated between co-workers and employees at the same level or position. The respective positions of the sender and the receiver determine the tone of the memo and generally, the tone is informal. The carefully written memo may enhance your image among your co-workers and therefore an opportunity for your advancement.


Types of Memo: HORIZONTAL

Related Content of Written Communication:

3 comments for “Types of Memo Used in Internal Communication

  1. suleiman Abdullahi
    February 18, 2015 at 1:27 pm

    please,keep it up

  2. raquel teodoro
    December 13, 2017 at 11:53 am

    please send me an example of upward memorandum

    • rasel
      December 15, 2017 at 3:25 am

      Thanks, Teodoro, we will publish a content regarding upward memorandum as early as possible. Please be with us

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